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Abstract

RÉSUMÉ
Objectifs. Notre étude avait pour but d’analyser l’influence du sexe et de l’âge des patients, de la longueur et du diamètre des implants sur la stabilité secondaire. Patients et méthodes. Il s’agit d’une étude de cohorte monocentrique. Les variables de l’étude étaient : le sexe et l’âge des patients, la longueur et le diamètre implantaire, l’implant stability quotient (ISQ). Les patients ont bénéficié chacun de la pose d’un implant soit au maxillaire soit à la mandibule. Les implants de marque Straumann SLA de diamètre soit 4,1 mm, soit 4,8 mm et de longueur soit 8 mm soit 10 mm étaient posés. La mesure de l’ISQ était effectuée à la 10ème semaine post opératoire à l’aide de l’appareil Osstell. L’analyse de corrélation de Pearson était réalisée entre les variables âge, longueur, diamètre et ISQ. La comparaison des moyennes de l’ISQ chez les hommes et chez les femmes a été réalisée par le test de Student. Résultats. L’analyse de corrélation de Pearson n’a pas montré de corrélation statistiquement significative entre l’ISQ et l’âge des patients (r=0.2), entre l’ISQ et la longueur (r=- 0.01) et entre l’ISQ et diamètre de l’implant (r=0.06). La moyenne de l’ISQ n’était pas statistiquement significative entre les hommes et les femmes avec p valeur à 0.948. Conclusion. Cette étude n’a montré aucune influence de l’âge et du sexe des patients, de la longueur et le diamètre implantaire sur la stabilité secondaire. La microarchitecture trabéculaire et la surface implantaire joueraient un rôle capital dans l’atteinte et la maintenance de la stabilité secondaire (ostéo-intégration).
ABSTRACT
Objective. To analyze the influence of the age and gender of the patients, the length and diameter of implants on secondary stability. Patients and methods. This was a single-center cohort study. The study variables were the age and gender of the patients, the length and diameter of implants, (implant stability quotient) ISQ. Each patient benefited from the placement of an implant in either the maxilla or the mandible. Straumann SLA brand implants with a diameter of either 4.1 mm or 4.8 mm and length of either 8 mm or 10 mm were placed. The ISQ measurement was carried out at the 10th post operative week using the Osstell device. Pearson’s correlation analysis was performed between the variables age, length, diameter and ISQ. The comparison of means between ISQ and men and women was carried out by the Student t-test. Results. Pearson’s correlation analysis did not show a statistically significant correlation between ISQ and patient age (r= 0.2), between ISQ and the length (r= -0.01) and diameter of the implant (r= 0.06). The mean of ISQ was not statistically significant between men and women with p value at 0.948. Conclusion. The study showed no influence of the age and the gender of the patients, the length and diameter of implants on secondary stability. The trabecular microarchitecture and the implant surface would play a capital role in the achievement and maintenance of secondary stability (osseointegration).

Keywords

Longueur Diamètre Implant dentaire Age Sexe Ostéo-intégration ISQ Length Diameter Dental implant Age gender Osseointegration ISQ

Article Details

How to Cite
Sokolo Richard, Molimard Thierry, Songo Florent, Situakibanza Hippolyte, Situakibanza Hippolyte, Matanda Richard, Mokassa Luc, & Thomas Thierry. (2022). Influence des Paramètres Démographiques et Géométriques Implantaires sur l’Ostéo-intégration des Implants Dentaires: Facteurs influençant l’ostéo-intégration des implants dentaires. HEALTH SCIENCES AND DISEASE, 23(5). Retrieved from https://www.hsd-fmsb.org/index.php/hsd/article/view/3595

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