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We show antagonisms and synergisms between Schistosoma haematobium, Ascaris lumbricoides, and Trichuris trichiura in co-infected hosts in southwest Cameroon. The mean intensity of each of the parasites varied according to whether the co-infecting parasite was S. haematobium, A. lumbricoides, or T. trichiura. Using immunological phenomena already described in the literature, we suggest reasons for these interactions between the parasites.


Schistosoma haematobium Ascaris lumbricoides Trichuris trichiura synergism antagonism

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Nkengazong, L., Ngoudjou Tchuente, R., Njiokou, F., Wanji, S., Teukeng, F., Enyong, P., & Tazoacha, A. (2013). Antagonisms and synergisms between Schistosoma haematobium and soil transmitted helminths in southwest cameroon. HEALTH SCIENCES AND DISEASE, 11(3).


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